Plantagenet England 1225-1360 (New Oxford History of by Michael Prestwich

By Michael Prestwich

During this thorough and illuminating paintings, Michael Prestwich offers a entire examine of Plantagenet England, a dramatic and turbulent interval which observed many adjustments. In politics it observed Simon de Montfort's problem to the crown in Henry II's reign and it witnessed the deposition of Edward I. by contrast, it additionally observed the hugely winning principles of Edward I and his grandson, Edward III. Political associations have been reworked with the advance of parliament and struggle was once a dominant subject: Wales was once conquered and the Scottish Wars of Independence all started in Edward I's reign, and lower than Edward III there have been triumphs at Cr?cy and Poitiers. outdoor of politics, English society used to be constructing a constitution, from the good magnates on the most sensible to the peasantry on the backside. fiscal alterations have been additionally major, from the expansionary interval of the 13th century to years of trouble within the fourteenth century, culminating within the maximum demographic catastrophe of ancient occasions, the Black dying. during this quantity within the New Oxford historical past of britain Michael Prestwich brings this interesting century to lifestyles.

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Plantagenet England 1225-1360 (New Oxford History of England)

During this thorough and illuminating paintings, Michael Prestwich offers a complete examine of Plantagenet England, a dramatic and turbulent interval which observed many adjustments. In politics it observed Simon de Montfort's problem to the crown in Henry II's reign and it witnessed the deposition of Edward I. by contrast, it additionally observed the hugely winning principles of Edward I and his grandson, Edward III.

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Longhouses, which combined human habitation with animal, were not unknown, but the house was frequently separate from a barn or byre. The most common form of building was 51 J. Munby, ‘Manorial Building in Timber in Central and Southern England, 1200–1550’, in G. Meirion-Jones and M. ), Manorial Domestic Buildings in England and Northern France (London, 1993), 49–64. 52 Cantor, English Medieval Landscape, 140. 20 introductory to use crucks, massive frames set some 15 feet apart. Houses could be of one or more bays, depending on how many crucks were erected.

59 J. Blair and N. ), English Medieval Industries: Craftsmen, Techniques, Products (London, 1991), 169–73. 60 KW ii. 875–6. 61 E. J. Kealey, Harvesting the Air: Windmill Pioneers in Twelfth-Century England (Woodbridge, 1987), 147 and passim. 24 introductory Animal power was essential for transport and for agriculture. The great improvements in harnessing horses had taken place earlier, with the introduction of the stiV, solid horse collar which enabled the horse to pull far more eVectively than with a softer harness, which had a throttling eVect.

52 Cantor, English Medieval Landscape, 140. 20 introductory to use crucks, massive frames set some 15 feet apart. Houses could be of one or more bays, depending on how many crucks were erected. It was normal for there to be at least two rooms, one a substantial hall and the other a much smaller chamber which provided a degree of privacy. A central hearth provided heat, as well as smoke and soot. The foundations for these buildings might be no more than post-holes in the ground, but increasingly they consisted of stone walls or pad stones on which the timbers rested.

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