Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste: by Ferenc L. Toth (auth.), Ferenc L. Toth (eds.)

By Ferenc L. Toth (auth.), Ferenc L. Toth (eds.)

Fossil fuels will stay the spine of the worldwide strength economic system for the foreseeable destiny. The contribution of nuclear strength to the worldwide strength provide is additionally anticipated to extend. With the urgent have to mitigate weather swap and decrease greenhouse fuel emissions, the fossil power is exploring the opportunity of carbon dioxide disposal in geological media.

Geological disposal has been studied for many years via the nuclear in order to making sure the secure containment of its wastes. Geological disposal of carbon dioxide and that of radioactive waste provides upward thrust to many universal matters in domain names starting from geology to public recognition. during this recognize, comparative checks exhibit many similarities, starting from the transformation of the geological setting and protection and tracking issues to regulatory, legal responsibility and public reputation concerns. besides the fact that, there are profound adjustments on a huge variety of matters besides, akin to the amounts and dangerous good points of the fabrics to be disposed of, the features of the specific geological media, the location engineering applied sciences concerned and the timescales required for secure containment on the disposal situation.

There are abundant possibilities to benefit from comparisons and to derive insights that might help policymakers accountable for nationwide power ideas and foreign weather policies.

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Extra info for Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste: A Comparative Assessment

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In connection with RW disposal, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been supporting its Member States and the international community through scientific and technical information (IAEA 1989, 2007, 2009) and management and safety guides (IAEA 2006, 2008a, b). Work on CCD has become an increasingly important area of activity of the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme, which is an international collaborative research programme established as an Implementing Agreement under the IEA. Workshops, conferences and web-based seminars provide forums for information exchange; general and technical publications serve the CCD community (see, for example, IEA GHG 2007, 2008, 2009).

Toth industry disaster in the Gulf of Mexico (spill after the explosion of a drilling platform) indicate, remote events can trigger profound changes in policy, regulation, public acceptance and other conditions anywhere in the world. Distant incidents might lead to much more stringent safety standards (irrespective of whether they are justified under the local conditions) with severe cost implications. The nuclear industry, and thus RW, has long been globalized in this respect. CO2 disposal might be more heavily exposed to the risk of remote infections because dozens to hundreds of sites will be established and operated in a country compared to one or at most two RW disposal facilities.

OECD/IEA, Paris IEA GHG (International Energy Agency Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme) (2007) Storing CO2 Underground. IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme, Cheltenham IEA GHG (International Energy Agency Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme) (2008) Geologic Storage of Carbon Dioxide: Staying Safely Underground. IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme, Cheltenham IEA GHG (International Energy Agency Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme) (2009) Natural and Industrial Analogues for Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide. IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme, Cheltenham IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2005) IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage.

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