By Galen, Ian Johnston
Galen's treatises at the class and causation of illnesses and indicators are a huge part of his prodigious oeuvre, forming a bridge among his theoretical works and his sensible, medical writings. As such, they remained an indispensable section of the clinical educating curriculum good into the second one millennium. This variation used to be initially released in 2006. In those 4 treatises (only one in all which were formerly translated into English), Galen not just presents a framework for the exhaustive class of ailments and their indicators as a prelude to his research in their causation, yet he additionally makes an attempt to set up unique definitions of the entire key phrases concerned. not like different of his works, those treatises are particularly average in tone, bearing in mind varied perspectives on constitution and causation in a comparatively even-handed manner. still, they're a transparent assertion of the Dogmatic place at the theoretical foundations of drugs in his time.
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Extra resources for Galen: On Diseases and Symptoms
So then, it is impeded if the nerve has some channel, just as is clearly seen with respect to those in the eyes due to obstruction or compression. If it does not have [a channel], it is due to contraction, cooling or compression. 109K) Especially in these, heat is a synektic cause of not being hungry inasmuch as it loosens solid bodies by relaxing them and makes them weaker in terms of attraction, whilst moist bodies are stretched still more by dissolving. 132K) Three points that might be made about synektic causes are: ﬁrst, that they are internal causes; second, that it is probable that they must be synchronous with their presumed effects; and third, that they might be taken as the ﬁnal internal mechanism responsible for the effect.
769K) I have chosen to translate nrgeia consistently as ‘function’ in accord with one of the deﬁnitions given in LSJ as ‘physiological function’. The reference is to De sanitate tuenda, where Galen writes: Certainly one must not, therefore, determine those who are healthy and those who are diseased simply by strength or weakness of functions, but one must attribute ‘in accord with nature’ (kat fÅsin) to those who are healthy in contrast to ‘contrary to nature’ (par fÅsin) to those who are diseased, that is for the former to be a healthy condition (diqesiv) in accord with nature effecting functions, and for the latter to be a diseased condition (diqesiv) contrary to nature harming function.
127K). 43K. 24 Galen the size of the p»roi or in the krsiv of the four qualities (heat, cold, dryness, moisture). Further, both ‘balance’ and ‘imbalance’ themselves admit of differences of degree. This deﬁnition of disease, coupled with a concept of bodily structure based on a limited number of elements, qualities or humours allows a reductive analysis in terms of the permutations of changes in these elements, qualities or humours. 5). 5). pqov/pqhma (affection). First, as with n»sov/n»shma, Galen appears to make no distinction between pqov and pqhma in his detailed consideration of terms at the outset of De symptomatum differentiis.