By John Welshman
Filling an immense hole in social coverage literature, this e-book appears to be like on the background of debates over the poverty cycle and their dating with present projects on social exclusion. The publication makes use of Sir Keith Joseph’s well-known “cycle of deprivation” speech in 1972 as a backdrop to discover British New Labour’s method of baby poverty: projects corresponding to certain commence, the impression of analysis on intergenerational continuities, and its new stance on social exclusion. Making huge use of archival assets, inner most papers, modern released files, and oral interviews with retired civil servants and social scientists, John Welshman offers the single booklength remedy of this crucial yet ignored strand of social coverage history.
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Extra info for From transmitted deprivation to social exclusion: Policy, poverty, and parenting
While medical provision for children under five was good and improving, less was known about the social and emotional needs of young children. At that time, the main problem faced by the Pre-School Playgroups Association, both its central organisation and its local branches, was a lack of resources. Therefore in the speech, Joseph announced new grants for day nurseries and playgroups under the umbrella of the Urban Programme, since in May 1972 the government had allocated over £1 million for daycare provision for the under-fives.
Compared to the Pre-School Playgroups Association, the executive of the Nursery School Association had fewer mothers of young children, and more nursery school teachers. Joseph said he saw the speech as an opportunity to express his appreciation of the work of the playgroup movement, and also to share some thoughts on what he regarded as intractable problems in society, which bore on the future of family life. While medical provision for children under five was good and improving, less was known about the social and emotional needs of young children.
He noted that the SSRC had been asked to help with understanding the working of the cycle, and efforts to improve housing and abate poverty had to continue. There seemed to be a marked contrast between the medical care given to mothers, on the one hand, and, on the other, the lack of effort to prepare mothers and fathers for their role as parents. Joseph proposed to consult widely on Preparation for Parenthood. 34 Perhaps because of the known unease of the Pre-School Playgroups Association over the content of the address, it was not one of Joseph’s better speeches.