From Non-Covalent Assemblies to Molecular Machines by Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Pierre Gaspard, Editors

By Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Pierre Gaspard, Editors

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By combining this metal unit with pyridyl building units, a variety of 3-D structures, such as capsule, tube, bowl, and catenane structures, were quantitatively constructed. An anionic hollow complex 14 with M4L6 composition was designed by Raymond et al. 16) [44], and which was capable of recognizing cationic guests and neutral hydrocarbons in a polar solvent. As shown in hydrogen-bonded assemblies, capsule-like structures can be prepared by the dimerization of either resorcinarene or calixarene units.

By contrast, in the field of chemistry, the term “self-assembled monolayers (SAMs)” [1] was the most frequently used, although the chemistry of SAMs is not related to the synthesis of molecules and materials to any substantial degree. The main driving force of self-assembly is the weak interaction (weak bond) [2]. Although, typically, self-assembly will not occur if the interactions are too weak, a kinetically distributed mixture of products will be formed if the interactions are too strong. In Nature, the self-assembly of various biological structures is induced by the combination of many weak interactions, such as hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic interactions, aromatic interactions, and electrostatic interactions.

N. (2006) J. Am. Chem. , 128, 14464. , and Yamaguchi, K. (2000) J. Am. Chem. , 122, 6311–6312. T. M. (1990) J. Am. Chem. , 112, 6409. P. E. T. M. Whitesides, Angew. , 1993, 105, 1848–1850. N. (2005) J. Am. Chem. , 127, 12697–12708. , and Isaacs, L. (2005) J. Am. Chem. , 127, 16798–16799. , and Kim, K. (2005) J. Am. Chem. , 127, 18000–18001. 1 Introduction The analysis of a keyword search for “self-assembly” using the SciFinder program shows the obvious initiation of this field around 1990, and the subsequent remarkable progress which has been made over the past two decades.

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