From Memory to Written Record: England 1066 - 1307 by Michael T. Clanchy

By Michael T. Clanchy

This seminal paintings of scholarship, which strains the improvement of literacy in medieval England, is now absolutely up-to-date in a 3rd edition.

  • This publication serves as an advent to medieval books and files for graduate scholars during the world
  • Features a totally re-written first bankruptcy, ‘Memories and Myths of the Norman Conquest', and a brand new postscript via the writer reflecting at the reception to the unique book and discussing fresh scholarship on medieval literacy
  • Includes a revised consultant to additional examining and a revision of the plates which illustrate medieval manuscripts intimately

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244, no. 125. 11 Dialogus (1950), p. 64. Dialogus (2007), pp. 96–7. ) Domesday Book comprised the verdicts of thousands of juries, detailing people and property in every village back to the reign of Edward the Confessor. 13 Confronted in local courts by legal documents in English and talk which they could not control nor even understand, the Normans had at last stumbled on a solution. Domesday Book, which was written in Latin throughout, created for all of them a majestic source of law and entitlement in England.

This is not to say that Latin and Greek were an unproductive curriculum, but only that they could never be the basis of mass elementary schooling. The humanists had made no such claims for them; they had aimed to be influential, not popular. Like his medieval predecessor, Lady Grammar, the Renaissance schoolmaster wielded a big stick to make his pupils love him. Another assumption about the spread of literacy, which was successfully promoted by the humanists, is the belief that Rome (and by extension Renaissance Italy) was the apex of the world: culture diffused downwards and outwards from the capital to the provinces.

The laws of Aethelberht were particularly relevant for these purposes because he had established the bishopric of Rochester within the kingdom of Kent. The Rochester text (Textus Roffensis) is one example among many of the continuing relevance of Anglo-Saxon documents after the Norman Conquest. Although the author of Glanvill claimed that English laws had not been written down, Norman landowners needed to know all about them in order to defend themselves in lawsuits against their neighbours (Rochester, for example, was in competition with Canterbury).

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