Finland by Douglas A. Phillips, Charles F. Gritzner

By Douglas A. Phillips, Charles F. Gritzner

A tough surroundings with a harsh Arctic weather has made lifestyles for the Finns super tough. yet they've got triumph over greater than simply their atmosphere. non secular divisions that built among the Catholic and Orthodox church buildings additionally divided the rustic in the course of the nice Schism. Later, the rustic was once a battleground for combating among the ancient powers of Sweden and Russia. at the present time, Finland is a communications titan, and the rustic is not any longer positioned at the fringes of human job. using know-how has helped the Finns circulation to some degree of digital centrality within the ecu group. This full-color survey of the Finnish geography, historical past, govt, economic climate, humans, and tradition will help pupil researchers in investigating this Nordic kingdom.

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For example, meat and fish are more evident in western Finland, whereas lighter foods like vegetables and wild mushrooms are favored more in the east. Finnish food favorites include dishes such as cabbage rolls, cold and smoked fish, pickled herring, Karelian hot pot stew, Finnish meatballs, and sausage. Wild game like moose, reindeer, rabbit, duck, and grouse are popular, especially with families who hunt and fish. These leaner meats are also becoming more popular in recent years because of health considerations.

Yet, at the same time, the Sami of today have also adopted many cultural practices from the Finns, Russians, Swedes, and ­Norwegians. Finland’s Swedish- and ­Russian-­speaking populations have evolved out of the country’s ­long-­term involvement with these neighboring countries. As is described elsewhere, frequent 53 54 Finland wars and conflicts often left either the Swedes or Russians in control of Finland. As a result of these conflicts, many Russians and Swedes decided to stay and live in Finland.

Elias Lönnrot began to collect the poetry of Finnish writers and compiled them into a book of folklore called the Kalevala. This work has become a national epic that has influenced music and the fine arts and has been translated into nearly 50 languages. E. Sillanpää, who won a Nobel Prize for literature in 1939. His powerful descriptions of rural landscapes almost overpowered the characters in his writings. Not surprisingly, a common setting for many characters in Finnish literature is in the ­sauna.

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