Federalism in Nigeria_Between Divisions in Conflict and by Monica Emmanuel

By Monica Emmanuel

Nigeria is a manufactured from the 1914 amalgamation of Northern and Southern protectorates via the British Colonialists. The amalgamation of those protectorates used to be the singular fundamental explanation for the Nigeria’s political challenge because it didn't consider the results of bringing jointly peoples with disparate tradition and faith. The secondary reason used to be the inability of political will of Nigeria’s political management to emplace institutional framework, to wit, the political approach, political management, political constitution and suitable structure, which had promoted peaceable coexistence and tolerance in plural societies elsewhere.

These shortcomings current Nigeria with offerings particularly, conserving the constitution as bequeathed to Nigeria with all its inner contradictions and endeavouring to make the 1914 amalgamation, paintings via political cum constitutional engineering that will tinker with structural deficiency to accomplish political stability.

The research derives its goals from the previous, which success it considers because the street map for making sure Nigeria’s balance, development and development.

The chronicled ethnic and non secular conflicts recommend the absence of a very federal structure that incorporates financial federalism and secularism. therefore a few of the ethnic and spiritual conflicts together with the 3-year civil battle and the Boko Haram insurgency have been exemplifications of Nigeria’s defective constitutional framework or the politicisation of religion.

The overview of extant literature and clash theories exhibits that ethnicity and faith are identity-based and might therefore spawn conflicts whereas Human/Basic wishes; Realist; Frustration-Aggression, Scapegoat and Structural theories are sufficient instruments for explaining ethnic and spiritual conflicts.

The paintings considers the concord build as sufficient framework for facing Nigeria’s inner conflicts.

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It contends that conflict is premised on hidden hurts (which may arise from Expected Actual Needs Satisfaction Gap, or Unrealized Expectations). The hidden hurts trigger events that lead to conflict. To bring the conflict to an and achieve sustainable peace thereafter, the parties to the conflict through third-party-organized conference must communicate and discuss the hidden hurts with a view to resolving them and building lasting relationships. 1Reconciliation and Conflict Source: Tearfund, (2003) It should be underscored that to sustain the peace achieved through the dialogue, peace building process must be on a continuous basis.

Chapter 4 is Research Questions and Methodology. It presents the five research questions and their variants. It also discusses the issues of methodology and methods of collecting and analysing data. It discusses basic assumptions and rationale for the mixed methodology, the research design and explanation of the methodology for collection of data from the field. Chapter 5 is data presentation and analysis. It contains the interpretations and conclusions on the outcomes of the analysis. Chapter 6 contains the summary of findings, conclusions as well as recommendations of the work.

Osaghae and Suberu (2005) point out that there was an entrenched system of discriminatory practices in which non-indigenes, migrants, settlers are shunted out or denied access to the resources, rights and privileges of a locality. This sad system according to them produces and sustains a hierarchical, unequal and ranked system of citizenship that has provoked violent conflicts, which go to the very heart of the ‘National Question’. This system also has deep historical roots in pre-colonial patterns of inter-group relations, the discriminatory practices and ethnic inequalities entrenched by both the colonial regime and continued by post-independence administrations.

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