By Yonah Alexander, Michael B. Kraft
Including many older records now not to be had electronically or in a different way available, this three-volume set presents the 1st complete number of key records, statements, and testimony on U.S. govt counterterrorism rules as they've got advanced within the face of the altering terrorist threats. chosen govt and congressional fabrics spotlight the government's assorted coverage and software responses to terrorism. The testimony, statements, and records give you the public articulation and face to the principally very important intelligence, legislation enforcement, preventative security features, and overseas cooperation utilized in the shadowy struggle opposed to terrorism. fresh entries supply a convenient compilation of significant post-9/11 fabrics. for instance, precious historical past info on U.S. activities opposed to Osama bin encumbered, the Taliban, and Saddam Hussein and terrorism fundraising. additionally integrated are statements from the Reagan and different administrations that relate to disputes over the suitable use of strength. Introductory chapters by means of Alexander and Kraft give you the historic context and research of past and present U.S. counterterrorism coverage together with U.S. legislation.
For over centuries, the United States has confronted occasional outbreaks of terrorism, perpetrated by means of either indigenous and overseas teams. however the brilliant bombing in Oklahoma urban in 1995 and the September eleven, 2001, assaults looked as if it would characterize a brand new age, scary many american citizens and destroying their experience of household safety. furthermore, U.S. voters and pursuits were more and more suffering from acts of terrorism in another country. The demanding situations of terrorism, for this reason, have required the us to strengthen accomplished concepts and courses to counter either traditional and unconventional threats, nationally and globally.
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Extra resources for Evolution of U.S. Counterterrorism Policy
The initial ‘‘terrorism list’’ included Libya, Iraq, Syria, and South Yemen. Over the years, other countries, including Iran, Cuba, North Korea, and the Sudan, have been added to the list. (South Yemen was dropped from the list when it merged with North Yemen. S. S. government, for the first time in its history, decided to seriously develop a more coherent and proactive strategy to confront terrorism. It immediately established two commissions to investigate the incidents and to offer appropriate recommendations to improve the security of American military and diplomatic personnel abroad.
Another important structural change was the establishment of the National Counterterrorism Center. In light of these developments, it seems that the reconstituted intelligence community, under the directorship of John Negroponte, and currently Michael McConnell, operates more efficiently than ever before. S. military intelligence. This directive mandates information sharing with domestic agencies and foreign partners as well as recognizes the leadership role of Lieutenant General Michael Hayden.
S. counterterrorism policies. For clarity and efficiency, we have organized these documents into three volumes. The first volume consists of pre–September 11 material divided into sources originating from the White House dating back to the Nixon administration, the Secretaries of State and Defense, the Attorney General, and other officials including the Department of State’s Coordinator for Counterterrorism. The second volume includes documents from the post-9/11 period, again providing statements by President George W.