Essential Japanese Grammar: A Comprehensive Guide to by Masahiro Tanimori

By Masahiro Tanimori

Essential eastern Grammar is an essential reference for college kids of jap in any respect levels.

Long the traditional in schooling, it presents transparent, jargon-free motives of the way eastern grammar works and provides countless numbers of instance sentences. it's a necessary instruction manual for self-study or for the school room and will be a valued source for years to come.

Essential jap Grammar offers a few designated positive aspects. First, grammatical terminology has been saved to a minimal in order that vast earlier wisdom of grammar isn't required. moment, plentiful instance sentences written in eastern characters (kana and kanji) via romanji and English translations. 3rd, the authors have attempted to bare elements of grammar that won't be present in related grammar books.

This ebook contains:

  • components of speech.
  • sentence constructions.
  • conjugations forms.
  • speech types and tones.
  • accentuation rules.
  • crucial phrases and useful elements.
  • an appendix for referencing and cross-referencing eastern words.

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Sample text

And his first love was naturally books—especially old and rare editions. Immediately after WW II, serving in Tokyo under General Douglas MacArthur, Tuttle was tasked with reviving the Japanese publishing industry, and founded the Charles E. Tuttle Publishing Company, which thrives today as one of the world’s leading independent publishers. Though a westerner, Charles was hugely instrumental in bringing knowledge of Japan and Asia to a world hungry for information about the East. By the time of his death in 1993, Tuttle had published over 6,000 books on Asian culture, history and art—a legacy honored by the Japanese emperor with the “Order of the Sacred Treasure,” the highest tribute Japan can bestow upon a non-Japanese.

Kyō wa totemo samukatta desu ne. It was (or has been) cold today, wasn’t (or hasn’t) it? → See ta for additional example sentences with adjectives in the ta-form. 5. Te-form The te-form of adjectives is made by adding te at the end of an adjective in the ku-form. ) Adjectives in the te-form can be used to non-emphatically list properties in the same sentence. Depending on the situation, they can express reasons, causes, conditions, or contrastive properties. この問題はむずかしくて私にはできません。 Kono mondai wa muzukashikute watashi ni wa dekimasen.

Moras show how many beats a word has, and moras are the bearers of pitch values in Japanese. For example, the Japanese word yūbinkyoku ゆうびんきょく has six moras, ゆ, う, び, ん, きょ, and く, and each is either high or low in pitch, as shown by H (high pitch) and L (low pitch) below: ゆうびんきょく yu u bi n kyo ku L H H L L L Pitch can affect word meanings. For example, hashi means ‘chopsticks’ if pronounced with the HL pitch pattern, but means ‘bridge’ or ‘edge’ if pronounced with the LH pitch pattern: はし はし はし ha shi ha shi ha shi H L L H L H ‘chopsticks’ ‘bridge’ ‘edge’ If we add a particle, for example ga, all of the above three words become distinct: はしが はしが はしが ha shi ga ha shi ga ha shi ga H L L L H L L H H ‘chopsticks’ ‘bridge’ ‘edge’ Evidently some part of the pitch information, namely the position of the pitch fall, if any, is usually specific to individual lexical items when pronounced separately.

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