Essays in Cuban Intellectual History (New Concepts in Latino by Rafael Rojas

By Rafael Rojas

Recognized essayist and Cuban historian Rafael Rojas offers a suite of his most sensible paintings, one that focuses on--and deals choices to--the important myths that experience equipped Cuban tradition from the 19th century to the current. Rojas explores crucial subject matters of Cuban highbrow background, together with the legacy of José Martí, the cultural impact of the struggle in 1898, the development of a countrywide canon of Cuban literature, the works of classical intellectuals of the republican interval, the literary journal Orígenes, the ideological impression of the Cuban Revolution, and the chances of a democratic transition within the island first and foremost of the twenty-first century.

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The battlefield is Cuban culture and the armies are the intellectual and political elites of the island. 6 26 Essays in Cuban Intellectual History A Map of Eugenics The scenario for this discursive war was not only Cuban culture, of course. The same war was fought elsewhere: in Spain, the United States, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and in almost all of the Latin American countries. All of these conflicts staged a confrontation between moral discourses and civilizing paradigms. The defeat of Spain was, for some, the definitive proof of the decline of Hispanic civilization (perhaps even of Iberian civilization) and, in the more extreme opinions, of Latin civilization as a whole.

7 The historiography of 1898, both inside and outside Cuba, however, has not taken stock of the extensive proliferation of discourse that the war of 1898 generated in the island’s letters. I will first offer here an overview of the discursive tensions that 1898 produced in the United States, Spain, and Latin America, and then focus on the postcolonial debate in Cuba. American public opinion had demonstrated a great interest in the separatist war in Cuba since 1895. 8 The cartoonist Frederic Remington and the correspondents Richard Harding Davis, James Crelman, and Stephen Crane all lived in the Inglaterra Hotel.

To assume the opposite—that his ideas were honored during the Republic and betrayed by the Revolution, or that the latter “rescued the tomb” after its republican oblivion and profanation—is to persist in symbolic quarreling between two authoritarian alternatives vying to control national documents. This page intentionally left blank 2 The Moral Frontier Technically speaking, the military war between the United States and Cuba lasted less than a month. 1 There were two more or less important battles: the ground battle of San Juan Hill and the naval battle of Santiago Bay.

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