Energy Policies of Iea Countries: Germany 2002 Review by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

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12. According to the IEA Energy Indicators Database, final residential space heating energy consumption was 770 MJ/m2 in Germany in 1997, 718 MJ/m2 in Finland in 1994, and 477 MJ/m2 in Denmark and 525 MJ/m2 in Sweden in 1999. e. the annual variation of heat consumption due to weather has been taken into account. 51 Transport is the only sector where energy consumption has increased in the 1990s. Energy efficiency in the sector has nonetheless improved with the decrease in specific fuel consumption of cars, which is partly due to the voluntary agreements that car industries have made.

1. Source: BMWi based on DIW’s "Verkehr in Zahlen". 2. Source: BMWi based on “Arbeitsgemeinschaft Energiebilanzen” (Statistisches Bundesamt). 47 INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK The federal government is responsible for proposing legislation governing energy efficiency, but the Laender have an important role in implementing and enforcing it. They can also introduce their own measures to promote energy efficiency. The German Energy Agency (Deutsche Energie Agentur, DENA) was established to increase co-operation on the federal-Land level, inter-Land level and between the federal government, Land governments and industry (see box).

Energy consumption labelling of domestic appliances has been mandatory since 1998. Voluntary labelling programmes are under way, such as the Group of EnergyEfficient Appliances (GEEA) labelling scheme for electrical appliances, and the Energy Star designation for office devices. Heat consumption metering for individual households became mandatory in the New Laender in 1996 and has been mandatory in the Old Laender since 1981. Individual metering in the New Laender is estimated to have led to 15% of energy savings in heating.

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