Elite Perceptions of Poverty and Inequality by Elisa P. Reis, Mick Moore

By Elisa P. Reis, Mick Moore

Drawing on case stories from a variety of constructing nations, the individuals to this quantity observe significant ameliorations in how nationwide elites comprehend and characterize poverty. The vintage threats that caused elites in overdue nineteenth century Europe, comparable to the terror of crime, epidemics, army weak spot or political unrest--do no longer function prominently within the attention of such a lot constructing kingdom elites. Nor do such a lot of them think that there's a possible option to poverty via public motion. The findings support to provide an explanation for the relative ineffectiveness of poverty aid ideas to date, and illustrate the necessity to current poverty in ways in which tie in with how nationwide elites comprehend their world.

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In the early 1960s, the populist political model became outmoded, as growing popular autonomy pointed to the quick erosion of tutelary control from above (Ianni 1968; Weffort 1978). To a great extent, this explains the military takeover of 1964, which ushered in a period of dictatorship lasting until 1985. Economic growth without political mobilization was the aim – and the achievement – of the armed forces for approximately the first half of their rule. Thereafter, an economic slowdown and decreasing legitimacy made it clear that the costs of repression were becoming too high.

There is no need for us to engage deeply with these issues here. 3) or above: Brazil, Central African Republic, Guatemala and Sierra Leone (World Bank 2000: Table 5). 12 It would be better to use a measure more targeted at the pattern of income inequality that seems to characterize Haiti – for example, the ratio of the incomes of the richest 5 per cent of the population to the incomes of the poorest 50 per cent. 13 In fact, the role of landownership in the construction of the Filipino elite has been consistently exaggerated, and the significance of generalized ‘bossism’ – localized monopolies of combined economic and political power – somewhat understated (Sidel 1999).

It was the formal roles they played which mattered, not their individual personal characteristics. Statistical analysis of the results of this initial survey permits me to make some generalizations about the views of Brazilian elites. All tables in this chapter are based on data obtained from this initial survey. The decision to undertake an international comparative study on elite perceptions took place after this initial survey was completed. The second survey in Brazil was focused more on in-depth interviews using semistructured questionnaires.

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