By Harry Heft
During this e-book Harry Heft examines the old and theoretical foundations of James J. Gibson's ecological psychology in twentieth century suggestion, and in flip, integrates ecological psychology and analyses of sociocultural procedures. A thesis of the booklet is that understanding is rooted within the direct adventure of significant environmental gadgets and occasions found in individual-environment strategies and on the point of collective, social settings. Ecological Psychology in Context: *traces the first lineage of Gibson's ecological method of William James's philosophy of radical empiricism; *illuminates how the paintings of James's scholar and Gibson's mentor, E.B. Holt, served as a catalyst for the advance of Gibson's framework and as a bridge to James's paintings; *reveals how ecological psychology reciprocally can strengthen Jamesian reports by means of resolving a few of the theoretical problems that stored James from absolutely understanding a realist philosophy; *broadens the scope of Gibson's framework through presenting a synthesis among it and the ecological application of Roger Barker, who found complicated structures working on the point of collective, social strategies; *demonstrates ways that the mental area may be prolonged to homes of our surroundings rendering its positive factors significant, publicly obtainable, and allotted throughout person-environment tactics; and *shows how Gibson's paintings issues the way in which towards overcoming the distance among experimental psychology and the arts. meant for students and scholars within the parts of ecological and environmental psychology, theoretical and ancient psychology, cognitive technology, developmental psychology, anthropology, and philosophy.
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Extra info for Ecological Psychology in Context: James Gibson, Roger Barker, and the Legacy of William James's Radical Empiricism (Volume in the Resources for Ecological Psychology Series)
Having announced such a grandiose intention, it is necessary to qualify what I am doing in this book. Fortunately, this project does not need to be cut from whole cloth—I am not so presumptuous as to attempt such a daunting task. The groundwork for an ecological psychology already exists among diverse sources in the psychological literature. To date, however, some of these ecologically-related writings have been marginalized in experimental psychology, remaining outside of the mainstream of disciplinary thought.
It is primarily for this reason that a psychology with its roots in the physical sciences, as is the case with most contemporary experimental psychology, has precious little to say about meaning. This lacuna in contemporary experimental psychology is glaring considering that meaning and value are ubiquitous, inescapable, and arguably the quintessential features of human experience. In an ecological-functional account, where psychological processes are viewed as part of a sociocultural network of mutually supporting, adaptive relations, and where the individual as a participant in culture is recognized as sustaining, and indeed creating, cultural structures through everyday actions, meaning takes center stage—as well it must if psychology is to have much to say about the human condition.
Select any historical point during its first 120 years, and you will find psychologists embroiled in some theoretical squabble. It is true that psychology is by no means alone among the sciences in having ongoing theoretical tensions. And yet there is an important difference here. Inmost other sciences, especially those that share psychology’s roots in natural science, these disagreements typically occur around the edges of a core set of shared theoretical presuppositions. But, in psychology, it is these very core presuppositions that are often being contested.