East-West Fiction as World Literature: The Hayy Problem by Srinivas Aravamudan

By Srinivas Aravamudan

From: Eighteenth-Century reviews
Volume forty seven, quantity 2, wintry weather 2014
pp. 195-23


This article specializes in the reception historical past of translations of Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy ibn Yaqzan and the way ordinary theodicy, empiricist experimentalism, and philosophical fiction motivated eighteenth-century England. Discussing the prestige of Ibn Tufayl’s rules on the subject of Edward Pococke, John Locke, Robert Boyle, and Daniel Defoe permits students to move past the East-West dichotomy and as a substitute create a gap from eighteenth-century reports onto fresh debates round global literature. utilizing Hayy as a prism, we will comprehend the possibilities in addition to the drawbacks of an international literature paradigm, as theorized by means of Wolfgang von Goethe, Erich Auerbach, and newer scholars.


Eighteenth-Century reviews is devoted to publishing the easiest of present writing on all elements of eighteenth-century tradition. The magazine publishes varied modes of study and disciplinary discourses that discover how fresh historiographical, severe, and theoretical rules have engaged students focused on the eighteenth century. Eighteenth-Century reviews is the legitimate ebook of the yankee Society for Eighteenth-Century reviews (ASECS).

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Ibn Tufayl was also responsible for introducing the famous philosopher Ibn Rush’d [Averroes] to Abu Ya’qub Yusuf in 1169. Even while being an early rendition of autodidacticism, this text anticipates the transparent Enlightenment trope of the experimental natural philosopher. 32. See Léon Gauthier, Ibn Thofaïl: sa vie et ses oeuvres (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1909). 33. Pococke ascended to Laudian Professor of Arabic and Regius Professor of Hebrew and was probably the only staunch Royalist who did not lose his university position during the Interregnum.

D. 1250–1350 (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1989); Francis Fukuyama, The End of History and The Last Man (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992); Marshall G. S. Hodgson, The Venture of Islam: Conscience and History In A World Civilization, 3 vols. (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1977); Marshall G. S. Hodgson, Re-Thinking World History: Essays on Europe, Islam, and World History, ed. Edmund Burke III (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1993);Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996); and Bernard Lewis, The Emergence of Modern Turkey, 3rd ed.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Conversations with Eckermann, trans. John Oxenford (San Francisco: North Point Press, 1984), 132. See Stefan Hoesel-Uhlig, “Changing Fields: The Direction of Goethe’s Weltliteratur,” in Debating World Literature, ed. Christopher Prendergast (London: Verso, 2004), 26–53, esp. 39. 4. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Manifesto of the Communist Party, trans. Samuel Moore (Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1949), 49–50. Marx and Engels have converted into their present Goethe’s open-ended comment about the future.

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