By Michelle M. Taylor-Robinson
Latin America’s flirtation with neoliberal financial restructuring within the Nineteen Eighties and Nineties (the so-called Washington Consensus method) had the impression of accelerating source of revenue inequality in the course of the quarter. the purpose of this monetary coverage was once partly to create the stipulations for solid democracy through making sure effective financial use of assets, either human and capital, however the widening hole among wealthy and terrible threatened to undermine political balance. on the middle of the limitation confronted by means of those new democracies is the query of responsibility: Are all electorate both in a position to protecting the govt. liable if it doesn't characterize their pursuits? during this ebook, Michelle Taylor-Robinson investigates either the formal associations of democracy (such as electoral principles and the layout of the legislative and govt branches) and casual associations (such because the nomination methods of political events and patron-client relationships) to work out what incentives legislators need to be aware of the wishes of negative humans and thereby competently characterize their interests.
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Additional resources for Do the Poor Count?: Democratic Institutions and Accountability in a Context of Poverty
When their interests differ from those of rich and poor people, the middle class is an additional principal competing for representation. Their success will be influenced by their monitoring and sanctioning ability relative to that of the other principals, as well as by politicians’ policy and service preferences and career goals. If middle-class interests are compatible with the interests of rich or poor people, the monitoring and sanctioning capacity of the middle class can be added to the resources of this “partner,” and the challenge then is to coordinate policy/service signals and sanctioning efforts.
Schwindt-Bayer and Mishler (2005) argue that the correct interpretation of Pitkin’s various concepts of representation is an integrated concept. Taylor FM-End 9/14/10 11:36 AM Page 17 institutions, poverty, and consolidation 17 Where democracy operates in a context of poverty, do institutions give legislators an incentive to represent poor people in a way that comes close to any of these definitions? If elected officials want to use their office to represent poor people, is doing so a viable career-building strategy or a recipe for political suicide?
At this point, it is sufficient to note that ballot type should affect the sharpness or bluntness of the vote as a sanction available to both rich and poor people. Taylor FM-End 9/14/10 11:36 AM 30 Page 30 do the poor count? not be equally accessible. For example, campaign contributions provide rich people with sanctions unavailable to poor people. 8 Educated people can obtain and evaluate data to assess conditions. Uneducated people have less access to analytical information and may be limited to evaluating government performance by watching television or observing the condition and experiences of their family and community.