By Kenneth A. Dodge, Thomas J. Dishion, Jennifer E. Lansford
Such a lot interventions for at-risk early life are crew dependent. but, study exhibits that teenagers frequently learn how to develop into deviant via interacting with deviant friends. during this very important quantity, best intervention and prevention specialists from psychology, schooling, criminology, and similar fields research how, and to what volume, courses that mixture deviant formative years really advertise challenge habit. A wealth of facts is reviewed on deviant peer impacts in such settings as remedy teams, replacement colleges, boot camps, team houses, and juvenile justice amenities. particular feedback are provided for making improvements to present companies, and promising substitute ways are explored.
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Extra info for Deviant Peer Influences in Programs for Youth: Problems and Solutions (The Duke Series in Child Develpment and Public Policy)
Individuals who engaged in deviancy training in the group were more likely to use tobacco during the 3 years following the intervention. Unexpectedly, a positive relationship with the older peer counselors was found to be correlated with reduced likelihood of tobacco use during the ensuing 3 years (Dishion, Poulin, & Burraston, 2001). Peer counselors An Ecological Framework 31 were used in the delivery of the cognitive-behavioral groups to facilitate the youths’ acceptance of the curricula, to model appropriate behavior in groups, and to facilitate role plays of prosocial skills.
Observing deviant behavior can have the effect of attenuating the inhibiting factors for one’s own deviance. , drug use, drinking, sexual behavior, vandalism) that are inhibited through voluntary An Ecological Framework 35 control are most likely to be affected by this contagion process. It appears that the more individuals endorse a behavior, the less inhibition there is regarding that behavior. This effect can undermine preventive interventions for young people. For example, Moberg and Piper (1998) found that prevention programs aimed at reducing high-risk sexual behaviors linked to HIV infection actually increased these behaviors.
For example, Byrne, Young, and Griffitt (1966) provide evidence suggesting that in conversations within an experimental laboratory, similar and dissimilar attitude statements could be defined, a priori, as reinforcing or not. The preponderance of similar attitude statements over dissimilar attitude statements accounted for neutral attraction within the context of an experimental conversation study. The participants were not aware of the reasons for their level of attraction. Others have argued, however, that conscious awareness of the reinforcing stimulus properties amplifies the conditioning effects (Fuhrer & Baer, 1965; Spielberger, 1965).