Design Manual For Roads And Bridges - Loads For Highway

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2). NOTE The term "other loads" here includes non-structural concrete infill, services and any surrounding fill, permanent formwork, parapets and street furniture. 1 Reduction of load factor. O for the serviceability limit state, subject to the approval of the appropriate authority which shall be responsible for ensuring that the nominal superimposed dead load is not exceeded during the life of the bridge. 2 Alternative load factor. O shall be adopted. 6. 1 General. The wind pressure on a bridge depends on the geographical location, the terrain of the surrounding area, the fetch of terrains upwind of the site location, the local topography, the height of the bridge above ground, and the horizontal dimensions and cross-section of the bridge or element under consideration.

Values of y, are given in each relevant clause and also in table 1. 2 Additional factor yn. Moments, shears, total loads and other effects of the design loads are also to be multiplied by y, to obtain the design load effects. Values of y, are given in Parts 3, 4 and 5 of this standard. 3 , Fatigue loads. Fatigue loads to be considered for highway and railway bridges, together with the appropriate value of,,y are given in Part 10 of this standard. 4 0 Deflection, drainage and camber. The requirements for calculating the deflection, camber and drainage characteristics of the structure are given in Parts 3,4and 5 of this standard.

5 4. '.. Ih . 5 Figure 9.

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