Culture and Basic Psychological Processes by Kitayama

By Kitayama

Oyserman, Coon, and Kenmielmeier (in press) supply a such a lot finished assessment of empirical reviews that use attitudinal surveys to trap cultural adaptations in individualism and collectivism. This paper means that the cross-cultural validity of attitudinal surveys can now not be taken without any consideration. additionally, the meta-theory underlying this literature (called the entity view of tradition) is named into query. the writer provides another meta-theory (called the procedure view of tradition) and discusses its implications for destiny paintings in cultural and cross-cultural psychology.

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Egocentrism or narcissism is of course a huge obstacle to any dilemma, and particularly one involving “buy in” from other persons (Aquilar and Galluccio 2008). MI theory is helpful in two ways. First, of course, the more one learns to read, listen to, and understand others, the better. But second, and equally important, is simply the recognition that not all individuals think the way that you do, and that makes them neither better nor worse, just different. Like a good therapist, the skilled negotiator learns about the different typologies of humans, keeps them in the background, does not label them explicitly, and draws on that knowledge to make the optimal move, given a particular, in a particular situation seated on the opposite side of the table.

Once again evolution has evolved this type of interaction with reciprocal relationships. With humans, cooperative behavior is complex and requires a monitoring of oneself in relationship to others. But notice how our minds are organized when we are in a cooperative mentality. , playing in an orchestra, participating on a football team, working on a project). We praise and value others and feel ­valued by others in this cooperative dynamic. We think about our contribution, how it will be valued, and how it will link with others.

Baker, N. (1982). Changes of mind. In Baker, N. (1996). The size of thoughts: Essays and other lumber. Random House, New York: pp. 5–9. , & Gardner, H. (2009). Multiple Intelligences around the world. Jossey Bass, San Francisco. Galluccio, M. (2007, July). Cognitive psychotherapy and international negotiation: An overview. Paper presented at the V World Congress of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies (WCBCT), Barcelona, Spain,July 2007. Gardner, H. (1983/2004). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences.

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