Coptic Etymological Dictionary by Jaroslav Černý

By Jaroslav Černý

Coptic was once the language spoken in Egypt from past due precedent days to the 17th century, while it was once overtaken via Arabic because the nationwide language. Derived from old Egyptian, the language of the hieroglyphs, it used to be written in an tailored kind of Greek script. This dictionary lists approximately 2,000 Coptic phrases whose etymology has been validated from historical Egyptian and Greek resources, overlaying two-thirds of the recognized Coptic vocabulary and complementing W. E. Crum's 1939 Coptic Dictionary, nonetheless the traditional within the box. The Egyptian kinds are quoted in hieroglyphic and/or demotic varieties. An appendix lists the etymologies of Coptic place-names. the ultimate paintings of Czech Egyptologist Jaroslav Černý (1898-1970), Professor of Egyptology at Oxford, the Dictionary was once introduced via to book by way of colleagues after his demise.

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PUNCTUATION If possible, a dictionary of English should describe the differences in punctuation between AE and BE (in usage notes at the entries for the names of the marks or in an appendix). Punctuational differences between AE and BE are not striking, but can at times lead to a misunderstanding or lack of comprehension. Some symbols are used exclusively, or almost exclusively, by only one of the two varieties. Thus the symbol # for 'number', common in AE, is unknown in BE, where #24 would have to be rendered as No.

Thus, he dreamed all night ('he was dreaming all night') — he dreamt about his parents. The suffix -er or -ers is used to form BE slang synonyms of certain com­ mon words; rugger 'rugby', champers /'sampәz/ 'champagne', preggers 'preg­ nant', etc. Soccer was formed in this manner from As(soc)iation football, but is now stylistically neutral. BE has various suffixed attributives whereas CE and AE forms have no suffixes: CE CE AE AE a ten-room house sparkplug rowboat sailboat BE BE BE BE a ten-roomed house sparking plug rowing boat sailing boat 28 LEXICOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTION OF ENGLISH Note that both department office and departmental office are CE.

Note: -lysis is CE, as in analysis and paralysis. 2 ize — ise or ize: civilize — civilise or civilize. Note: In printed BE, the choice of ise or ize is often a matter of the pub­ lisher's official 'house style'; ize appears to be gaining ground. Modern British dictionaries now give most of these verbs (in which the ize, ise is clearly a verbal suffix) with both spellings; the ize spelling is given first by Oxford and Collins; ise is given first by GID and by Chambers. 4 Examples are: agonize, finalize, recognize, standardize, temporize, vandalize, etc.

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