By Jane Long
In what methods did gender impact the form of poverty, and of terrible women's paintings, in Victorian England? This e-book explores the problem within the context of nineteenth-century Northumberland, analyzing city and rural stipulations for girls, negative aid debates and practices, philanthropic job, working-class cultures, and `protective' intervention in women's employment. the way cultural codes have been built round girls, either by means of those that saw and imagined them and by way of the ladies themselves, is investigated, including different comparable modern discourses. whereas taking a look heavily on the north-eastern context, the book's broader topics have vital implications for debates inside of feminist background and concept. the writer argues all through that shut recognition to the hyperlinks among fabric stipulations and cultural representations of ladies either illuminates the complicated dynamics of working-class femininity and forces a reappraisal of the gendered nature of poverty itself in Victorian existence and mind's eye.
Read or Download Conversations in Cold Rooms: Women, Work and Poverty in Nineteenth-Century Northumberland (Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series) PDF
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Extra info for Conversations in Cold Rooms: Women, Work and Poverty in Nineteenth-Century Northumberland (Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series)
How could the poorer section of society be 'raised', taken out of 'cold rooms' where poverty and the tasks of 'making ends meet' confronted people on a day-to-day basis, and brought instead into the warmer, lighter, bustling world of Victorian productivity and 'progress'? Reformers may have recommended various solutions in the long-term; in the meantime, the 'problems' continued to exist and had to be conceptualised and accommodated somehow, however uncomfortably, in Victorian bourgeois consciousness.
Working-class women, of course, bore a double burden of silence in their own society, and absence from the subsequent interpretation of it, as a result of both their gender and their class position. Surveying that historical record, the rooms of working women and poor women in nineteenth-century Northumberland seem cold indeed, rarely visited, distant, and quiet. My aim in this book is in part to 're-enter' those rooms, to consider the ways in which both the 7 Judith Butler, 'Performative acts and gender constitution: an essay in phenomenology and feminist theory', Theatre Journal xl (1988), 51931 at p.
Upon what terms may we approach those 'cold' rooms, what 'conversational' parameters can historians construct which better elucidate the experiences and strategies of women in the past, and the shifting discourses of femininity within which these experiences were interpreted? Page 9 1 Constructing Femininity: Women, Work and Poverty From the 1860s in Britain, there appeared a flurry of specific reporting about poverty and the conditions of the poor. Prominent within this literature were the investigative exposés of reformers such as Mary Higgs and Dr J.