By Rene Kager, Joe Pater, Wim Zonneveld
Bringing jointly recognized researchers, this selection of essays specializes in constraints in phonological acquisition. the 1st chapters overview the learn in its broader context, together with an creation through the editors that offers a concise educational on Optimality conception. the rest chapters tackle a couple of partly overlapping subject matters: the learn of kid construction information by way of constraints; learnability concerns; perceptual improvement and its relation to the advance of construction; and moment language acquisition.
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Extra info for Constraints in Phonological Acquisition
26) Lexicon Optimisation selecting an underlying representation Output: [dɔ ktə r] /dɔ kdə r/ → [dɔ ktə r] Agree-Voice Ident-IO(voice) *! /dɔ ktə r/ → [dɔ ktə r] Lexicon Optimisation selects lexical representations which equal surface forms only in the case of non-alternating morphemes. For alternating morphemes, such as the past tense suffix [-tə ]∼[-də ] in Dutch, the standard generative assumption of a single underlying representation of surface alternants entails that the lexicalto-surface mapping is unfaithful for at least one alternant.
Lombardi 1999). Still, this example serves to illustrate a general point: since many of the rankings in factorial typologies collapse into a single pattern, the class of typologically predicted patterns is much smaller than the number of rankings. Testing new constraints by calculating their factorial typologies (in interaction with a set of well-established constraints) is methodologically useful, if not imperative. , present and ranked in every grammar), then adding a new constraint to the universal inventory may increase the predicted typology.
We begin by interpreting the second harmonic ranking, [p ε t] ≺ [b ε t], which is the simplest case, indicating that VOP is violated in the winner [bε t]. The only possible ground for violation could be the need to avoid a violation of another, higher ranked constraint, in this case Ident-IO(voice), which would be violated if the winner had been the loser (and conversely, the loser had been the winner). Accordingly, it must be the case that more priority is given to avoiding violation of Ident-IO(voice) than to avoidance of violation of VOP.