Conquest, Anarchy and Lordship: Yorkshire, 1066-1154 by Paul Dalton

By Paul Dalton

Concentrating on Yorkshire, via a long way the most important English county, this publication examines 3 of crucial issues within the interval defined via Sir Frank Stenton as "the first century of English feudalism": the Norman conquest, the anarchy of Stephen's reign, and the character of lordship and land tenure. In each one case the e-book bargains a powerful problem to dominant and authorized historic interpretations that may adjust considerably our perception of Anglo-Norman politics and govt.

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Another function was administrative. In a recent study Mr Pounds has argued that most of the royal castles established in the Anglo-Norman period were intended to dominate and control urban centres and to serve as' instruments of civil administration'; while in the case of most baronial castles, local and tenurial factors predominated in the choice of site ... [the baron] was motivated primarily by his own convenience and security. Above all, he wanted access to the lands from which he derived his income and support...

Ease of defence was a significant factor, but possibly not one of overwhelming importance ... 30 These arguments are in accord with a recent study of the distribution of castle sites in Yorkshire, which concludes that 'It is clear... that their locations were determined by the nature and distribution of land-holdings... and that they acted more as administrative centres for estates of both tenants-in-chief and mesne tenants, rather than as sites chosen for their strategic positions. ' 31 It would appear, therefore, that the construction of Norman castles and the establishment of Norman estate management and administrative authority often went hand in hand.

William's determination to impose his authority in the north is reflected in his choice of a new earl of Northumbria before his departure to Normandy in March 1067. 18 20 22 24 D. R. RofFe, 'From thegnage to barony: sake and soke, title, and tenants-in-chief', 19 Palliser, 'Yorkshire Domesday', 30. ANS, 12 (1990), 157-76. 21 Orderic, 11, 218; Williams, Anglo-Saxons. DB, 1, 330a. 23 For Karle's family, see Williams, Anglo-Saxons. Ibid. J. Le Patourel, 'The Norman conquest of Yorkshire', Northern History, 6 (1971), 1—21; Kapelle, Norman Conquest, 105—57.

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