By Thomas Max Safley
A spouse quantity to Charity and financial system within the Orphanages of Early glossy Augsburg, this e-book takes up the service provider and individuality of the laboring bad and their kids. It examines the commercial lives of negative, distressed, or truncated households at the foundation of 5,734 biographical descriptions of youngsters who undergone town, Catholic, and Lutheran orphanages of Augsburg among 1572 and 1806. Studied at the side of administrative, felony, and monetary files of assorted types, those “Orphan Books” show the laboring bad as versatile and adaptive. Their fates have been made up our minds neither through the poverty they suffered nor the charity they acquired. fairly, they spoke back to altering fiscal and social stipulations through the use of Augsburg’s orphanages to increase their assets, deal with their little ones, and create possibilities. The findings will curiosity historians of poverty, charity, hard work, and the Reformation.
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Additional resources for Children of the Laboring Poor (Studies in Central European Histories) (Studies in Central European Histories)
Brief, 29 May 1668. 12 “. . daß wir den gleichen Unthat an jhme nie verspurth, noch einigen argwohn jemahlen gehabt oder haben können. . ” StadtA Augsburg. Reichsstadt Akten. Urgichtensammlung, K228. Schalk, Caspar. Brief, 2 June 1668. 13 StadtA Augsburg. Reichsstadt Akten. Urgichtensammlung, K228. Schalk, Caspar. Urphed, 26 June 1668. 14 They lived in a modest, ground-ﬂoor apartment in a building owned by her mother. On the evening of the robbery, Caspar had been at home, resting on their bed in the main room (Stube).
Yet, by the twelfth century, a discussion had begun among theologians concerned with the deeper meaning of poverty. 26 With the rise of cities came increased reliance on market economies and specialized labor. In this milieu, poverty came to signify not merely a lack of rank but rather primarily a lack of resources. Thomas Aquinas’ teaching took these developments into account. 27 His poor were the laboring poor, whose need was not always acute but whose existence remained permanently precarious.
Likewise, the totals for “both parents” represent subtotals for “mothers” and “fathers” as individuals. 3 The percentage diﬀered slightly according to confessional aﬃliation. 3 percent) entries listed the parents’ deaths as the immediate cause for admission. 9 percent) of 1,322 Catholic children. In all such instances, regardless of confession, the sudden removal of breadwinners and caretakers might preclude all chance of adaptation. Households could not react and reorganize; dependant children moved to the orphanages.