By Anson F. Rainey
This four-volume reference paintings bargains with the language of the Amarna letters written by means of scribes who had followed a weird dialect mix of Accadian and West Semitic syntax. as well as the texts from Canaan, a number of from Alashia are incorporated besides the texts from Kamed el-Loz and Taanach.
Each of the 1st 3 volumes is written as a separate monograph; jointly they deal with the issues of morphology and syntax. the 1st quantity covers writing, pronouns and nouns (substantives, adjectives and numerals); the second one quantity treats the verbal approach; and the 3rd quantity discusses debris and adverbs with a bankruptcy on note order. The fourth quantity comprises the bibliography and index to the set.
Since those texts are the earliest witness to West Semitic syntax, they're a useful resource for the historic examine of the North West Semitic kinfolk, together with biblical Hebrew.
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Additional info for Canaanite in the Amarna Tablets: A Linguistic Analysis of the Mixed Dialect Used by Scribes from Canaan
PALEOGRAPHY The last comprehensive study of EA palaeography was undertaken by Schroeder (1915j:75-94). His work was based only on the Berlin tablets. Nevertheless, it must give a representative picture within reasonable limits. The table by Schroeder (1914-15:XII, 73-94; Moran 1975b:146-150) gives a fairly clear picture. " The Jerusalem letters are written in the latter (Moran 1987b:27 n. 49; 1992:xxii n. 50). The distinct paleographic traditions are those of the texts from Mitanni, Ijatti, Alashia, Egypt, Babylonia, Phoenicia (with subgroups for Byblos on the one hand and Beirut, Tyre and Sidon on the other), Jerusalem and Amurru.
1) might be suitable for Neo-Assyrian letters but it ignores the needs of texts from the western areas during the second millennium B. C. E. g. s. ), ia-as-tap-pdr (EA 233:16). e. a-y(-ka-am (AHw:876b; CAD A/1:232). On the other hand, a-ia-ka4-mi (EA 149:2) is the indefinite pronoun, "somewhere, anywhere," not the interrogative ayfkam (contra CAD A/1:232a). g. ka-ar-si-ya (EA 286:6). s. U mel. s. g. yi-is-me (EA 136:6), yi-im-Iu-uk (EA 136:36), YU-UEj-Ej( (EA 232:16) et passim. There are four examples of PI = a in the Jerusalem letters (Moran 1975b:151): u-sa-a-ru (EA 286:21,24), a-qa-bi (EA 286:22), an-ni-a (EA 289:9).
The even more confusing method adopted by Parpola (1970:XV n. 1) might be suitable for Neo-Assyrian letters but it ignores the needs of texts from the western areas during the second millennium B. C. E. g. s. ), ia-as-tap-pdr (EA 233:16). e. a-y(-ka-am (AHw:876b; CAD A/1:232). On the other hand, a-ia-ka4-mi (EA 149:2) is the indefinite pronoun, "somewhere, anywhere," not the interrogative ayfkam (contra CAD A/1:232a). g. ka-ar-si-ya (EA 286:6). s. U mel. s. g. yi-is-me (EA 136:6), yi-im-Iu-uk (EA 136:36), YU-UEj-Ej( (EA 232:16) et passim.