By Barrie Ireton (auth.)
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Extra info for Britain’s International Development Policies: A History of DFID and Overseas Aid
The solutions to the problems of developing countries are neither simple nor obvious. They will involve new experiments, new methods, new institutions, new relationships. There are many paths to development. Our aim is to help the developing countries to find and pursue them (para 9). In policy terms it was not a major departure from the 1963 White Paper discussed in Chapter Three, though its reference to the special claims of the independent Commonwealth was new. However, the 1965 White Paper demonstrated more enthusiasm for the tasks ahead: this was not surprising given its new minister, Barbara Castle, and its substantial dedicated staff from both the DTC, administrative and professional, and subsequently from the Colonial Service itself.
In 1962/63 Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia/ Middle East accounted for 75 per cent of all British bilateral aid and set a pattern which was to be continued by the Department after its creation in 1964. Assistance to non-Commonwealth countries remained relatively modest, and in 1962/63 the Commonwealth (including the colonies) accounted for 93 per cent of total bilateral assistance. As noted above, the terms of Britain’s assistance overall hardened as the growth in CA loans plus Exchequer loans under Section II of CD&W Acts outstripped colonial grants.
However the new Secretary of State for the Colonies accepted the Prime Minister’s conclusion that development should become the responsibility of the Department, provided he retained control of budgetary aid. Officials The Creation of the Department: From Colonial to Overseas Development 33 were left to agree a concordat by which the two departments would work together. After protracted negotiations a concordat between the Department and the Colonial Office was embodied in a ‘Circular Despatch from the Colonial Secretary to Governors etc’, dated 10 May 1965.