Bioinorganic Chemistry by Ivano Bertini, Harry B. Gray, Joan S. Valentine, J. Lippard

By Ivano Bertini, Harry B. Gray, Joan S. Valentine, J. Lippard

Written by means of significant individuals to the sector, this booklet presents scholars with an creation and evaluate of bioinorginic chemistry and offers them the history required to learn and keep on with the present examine literature. every one bankruptcy is designed to outline and educate underlying rules of bioinorganic chemistry whereas while describing the country of present wisdom in regards to the specific subject of the bankruptcy. This text-reference is acceptable to be used in complicated undergraduate and graduate classes.

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221 (1991), 1269. 37. N. D. Chasteen, Adv. Inorg. Biochem. 5 (1983), 201. 38. P. Aisen and I. Listowsky, Annu. Rev. Biochem. 49 (1980), 357. 39. B. T. , Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 84 (1987), 1768; E. N. Baker, B. F. Anderson, and H. M. Baker, Int. 1. Bioi. Macromol. 13 (1991), 122. 40. S. , Biochemistry 27 (1988),5804. 41. M. , 1. BioI. Chem. 263 (1990), 18339. 42. B. F. Matzanke, G. Muller, and K. N. Raymond, in T. M. , Iron Carriers and Iron Proteins, VCH, 1989, pp. 1-121. 43. L. Stryer, Biochemistry, Freeman, 1981, pp.

Lyases are enzymes that cleave C-C, C-O, C-N, or other bonds by elimination, leaving double bonds, or conversely add groups to double bonds. Carbonic anhydrase has a molecular weight around 30 kDa, and is among the most-studied metalloenzymes. It catalyzes the deceivingly simple CO 2 hydration reaction. The subtleties of its biological function, unraveled by a combination of techniques, make it an ideal example for bioinorganic chemistry. Section IV is fully dedicated to this enzyme. Alcohol dehydrogenase is a 90-kDa enzyme that catalyzes the reversible transfer of a hydride ion from alcohols to NAD +.

This is a general characteristic of the cobaltsubstituted zinc enzymes,24 since the coordination chemistry of cobalt(II) is very similar to that of zinc(II). The two ions also show virtually identical ionic radii. Cobalt(II) derivatives generally display useful electronic spectra. High-spin cobalt(II) ions are paramagnetic, containing three unpaired electrons (5 = ~); thus they can also give rise to EPR spectra. , - i, i, ~), are very short (lO - 11 to 10 - J 2 s) at room temperature. In order to detect EPR spectra, the sample temperature is usually decreased, often down to liquid helium temperature, to increase the electronic relaxation times and sharpen the EPR linewidths.

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