By Committee on Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants, Board on Army Science and Technology, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council
January 2012 observed the of entirety of the U.S. Army's Chemical fabrics Agency's (CMA's) job to wreck ninety percentage of the nation's stockpile of chemical guns. CMA accomplished destruction of the chemical brokers and linked guns deployed in a foreign country, that have been transported to Johnston Atoll, southwest of Hawaii, and demilitarized there. the remainder 10 percentage of the nation's chemical guns stockpile is kept at continental U.S. depots, in Lexington, Kentucky, and Pueblo, Colorado. Their destruction has been assigned to a separate U.S. military association, the Assembled Chemical guns possible choices (ACWA) Element.
ACWA is at present developing the final chemical guns disposal amenities, the Pueblo and Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot vegetation (denoted PCAPP and BGCAPP), with guns destruction actions scheduled to begin in 2015 and 2020, respectively. ACWA is charged with destroying the mustard agent stockpile at Pueblo and the nerve and mustard agent stockpile at Blue Grass with no utilizing the a number of incinerators and furnaces used on the 5 CMA demilitarization vegetation that handled assembled chemical guns - munitions containing either chemical brokers and explosive/propulsive elements. the 2 ACWA demilitarization amenities are congressionally mandated to hire noncombustion-based chemical neutralization strategies to wreck chemical agents.
In order to soundly function its disposal vegetation, CMA built equipment and approaches to watch chemical agent illness of either secondary waste material and plant structural parts. ACWA at the moment plans to undertake those tools and strategies to be used at those amenities. The Assessment of Agent tracking techniques for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants document additionally develops and describes a half-dozen situations related to potential ACWA secondary waste characterization, procedure apparatus upkeep and changeover actions, and closure agent decontamination demanding situations, the place direct, real-time agent illness measurements on surfaces or in porous bulk fabrics may possibly permit extra effective and probably more secure operations if compatible analytical expertise is offered and affordable.
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Extra info for Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo: Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants
The buckets will be conveyed to the EBH room. The three EBHs are large rotating vessels, similar to the drum of a cement mixer truck, that have discontinuous helical flights used to mix the components as the EBH rotates.. Once in the EBH room, a robot will pick up each bucket and raise it to a platform near the top of the EBHs. A second robot will then move the bucket from the platform to an EBH, where the contents are dumped into the EBH. This area will be Category A, susceptible to both liquid and vapor contamination.
If liquid agent can be present, then Level A demilitarization protective ensemble (DPE) suits must be worn. The workers are sealed into plastic suits made of 20-30 mil polyvinyl chloride (PVC) that completely enclose them. They don the suits through a slit in the back after which the opening is hermetically sealed by heat. Inside the suit, they also carry on their back a 10-15 minute supply of air to be used in an emergency egress. At waist level, there is a fitting on the DPE suit to attach an umbilical air hose.
However, reliable agent-contaminated surface calibration standards may be difficult to produce. In the ACWA facilities, all areas through which munitions pass and where agent could be present at some time will be monitored for airborne agent in NRT using MINICAMS, and archival data will be obtained with Depot Area Air Monitoring System (DAAMS) thermal desorption tubes, which are collected for later gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis in the laboratory. These agent monitoring methods were described in more detail in the NRC report Monitoring at Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities (NRC, 2005a).