By Frans H. van Eemeren, Peter Houtlosser, A.F. Snoeck Henkemans
Argumentative symptoms: A Pragma-Dialectical examine identifies and analyses English phrases and expressions which are the most important for an sufficient reconstruction of argumentative discourse. It presents the analyst of argumentative discussions and texts with a scientific set of tools for giving a well-founded research which leads to an analytic evaluate of the weather which are correct for the overview of the argumentation. within the booklet a scientific connection is made among linguistic insights into the features of argumentative discourse and insights from argumentation concept into the solution of modifications of opinion through argumentation.
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Extra info for Argumentative Indicators in Discourse: A Pragma-Dialectical Study
By means of dialectical profiles, we shall indicate the different patterns in the moves that are made in the different rounds, leading to disputes of a particular type. Using dialectical profiles, the genesis of all types of disputes can be specified in this way. A single non-mixed dispute arises because T2 doubts T1’s standpoint, and both parties maintain their position, or because T2, at first, expresses a standpoint that is opposite to T1’s standpoint, but, on second thoughts, reduces it to doubt.
Even if the speaker assumed that the assertive he performed would be acceptable to the listener, and, at first, had not at all the intention to advance a standpoint, if he not withdraws it, he is considered responsible for the standpoint if the listener doubts it, and is then compelled to make it acceptable to the listener. This means that the following criterion can be laid down for considering the performance of an assertive as ‘advancing a standpoint’: INDICATORS OF CONFRONTATION 29 An assertive may be considered a standpoint if it is clear that the speaker supposes (or may be expected to suppose on the basis of the listener’s response) that the assertive is not immediately acceptable to the listener.
The following example illustrates this for the parenthetical, but non-concessive use of ‘I truly believe that’. (20) I truly believe that if it is going to revive, the economy, you would keep those – those jobs, they would always remain vacant, so I truly believe that .. er .. it isn’t a passing thing that it would always stay this way. (Eindhoven colloquial language corpus) 36 VAN EEMEREN ET AL. 24 In order to determine whether an ‘I believe that’ assertion may be considered a standpoint, however, something else is significant, that is whether or not it concerns a weak or a strong belief.