By Mohammad T. Alhawary
Whereas the call for for Arabic sessions and education courses for Arabic language academics has elevated, there's a remarkable hole within the box of linguistic learn on studying Arabic as a moment language. Arabic moment Language Acquisition of Morphosyntax provides a data-driven and systematic research of Arabic language acquisition that responds to this becoming need. Based on huge info samples gathered from longitudinal and cross-sectional reports, this ebook explores a extensive diversity of buildings and acquisition issues. It additionally introduces new and accomplished examine, and it records the successes and difficulties that local audio system of different languages, together with English, Spanish, French, and jap, tend to come across in studying Arabic. By integrating formerly released findings with new study, the writer has created a unified and streamlined source for lecturers, teachers-in-training, linguists, Arabic textbook authors, and second-language acquisition specialists.
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Additional info for Arabic Second Language Acquisition of Morphosyntax
J^ J1-^1 '^j^= . 05. EXISTING ARABIC SLA RESEARCH 41 However, Abu Radwan's conclusions raise at least two questions. First, it is not clear how the non-native, first semester, first year (at Georgetown University) group showed a tendency to case, since they were not exposed to case markings in the book which they used, Al-kitaab (Brustad et al. 1995b), until towards the end of the second semester (lessons 16-17). Abu Radwan even claims that in one of the result score sets, the nonnative speakers actually tended to "give more weight to case than the native group" (Abu Radwan 2002:202).
Structures investigated include wh-questions, negation, relative clauses, word order, etc. For example, English negation was examined in L2ers with different Lls and was found to be acquired along predictable stages similar to those found in LI. The acquisition stages reported include 1) use of No in utterance-initial position, 2) use of no/not in utterance-internal preverbal position, 3) use of no with modals and auxiliaries as unanalyzed chunks, and 4) differential use of the negative particle from auxiliaries and models (see, for example, Schumann 1979).
6 Thus, the corresponding pause, but regularly attested, forms in MSA of (10)-(13) are given below as (14)-(17). 3 Equational (Verbless) Sentence Structure Equational or verbless sentences consist of two main constituent phrase structures without a copular lexical verb surfacing and are marked in the imperfective/present tense. The first phrase is usually referred to as mubtada? "starter" (or topic/subject) and the second as xabar "news" (or comment/predicate). Both constituent structures agree in number, gender, and case but not in defmiteness.