Anthropology and Antihumanism in Imperial Germany by Andrew Zimmerman

By Andrew Zimmerman

With the increase of imperialism, the centuries-old ecu culture of humanist scholarship because the key to knowing the area was once jeopardized. Nowhere used to be this truer than in nineteenth-century Germany. It used to be there, Andrew Zimmerman argues, that the conflict traces of latest ''culture wars'' have been first drawn while anthropology challenged humanism as a foundation for human clinical wisdom. Drawing on resources starting from medical papers and executive correspondence to images, pamphlets, and police stories of ''freak shows,'' Zimmerman demonstrates how German imperialism opened the door to antihumanism. As Germans interacted extra often with peoples and items from far-flung cultures, they have been compelled to reevaluate not only these peoples, but additionally the development of German id itself. Anthropologists effectively argued that their self-discipline addressed those concerns extra productively—and extra accessibly—than humanistic reports. students of anthropology, ecu and highbrow historical past, museum stories, the background of technological know-how, pop culture, and colonial reports will welcome this ebook.

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4 Portrait of the 1896 Berlin Colonial Exhibition performers and managers. The photograph is taken in front of the administration building on the exhibition grounds. , Deutschland und seine Kolonien im Jahre 1896 (Berlin: Dietrich Reimer, 1897). ing in the region assembled a group of eight inhabitants of New Britain, an island in the Bismarck Archipelago, to represent Germany’s Pacific colonies at the colonial exhibition. Because the organizers assumed that Pacific Islanders would have particular difficulty adjusting to the European climate, they sent only strong men who had already had extensive contact with Germans.

75 For example, the Togolese leader continually found excuses to prevent Luschan from measuring the female performers in his group: “One day it was too warm, another day too cold; one day the women were unwell, another day they had to bathe; once they had just sat down to eat, another time they were cooking. . ”76 The cold weather of Berlin discouraged even those performers willing to strip for Luschan’s measurements. While Luschan was able to study many performers, these measurements were of neither the quality nor the quantity that he desired.

They failed to reach a conclusion and looked forward to further discussions based on future Sudanese shows in Berlin. Unfortunately for the anthropologists, only one more group could be brought to Europe 22 chapter 1 before the Mahdist uprising in 1881 made it impossible to recruit any more performers from the region. This “paradigmatic” study of natural peoples was unable to wrest the individuals under consideration from history, even though the lack of history was supposed to be a defining characteristic of natural peoples.

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