An Introduction to Silent Speech Interfaces by João Freitas, António Teixeira, Miguel Sales Dias, Samuel

By João Freitas, António Teixeira, Miguel Sales Dias, Samuel Silva

This booklet offers a large and accomplished review of the present technical ways within the quarter of silent speech interfaces (SSI), either in thought and in program. every one procedure is defined within the context of the human speech construction method, permitting the reader to obviously comprehend the rules in the back of SSI in most cases and throughout diversified equipment. also, the publication explores the mixed use of alternative info resources, amassed from a number of sensors, so one can take on the constraints of less complicated SSI techniques, addressing present demanding situations of this box. The e-book additionally offers information regarding present SSI functions, assets and a straightforward instructional on the way to construct an SSI.

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2175637 Piai V (2015) The role of electrophysiology in informing theories of word production: a critical standpoint. Lang Cogn Neurosci 31(4):471–473. 1100749 Pickering MJ, Garrod S (2013) An integrated theory of language production and comprehension. Behav Brain Sci 36:329–347. 1017/S0140525X12001495 Price CJ (2012) A review and synthesis of the first 20 years of {PET} and fMRI studies of heard speech, spoken language and reading. Neuroimage 62:816–847. 1016/j. 062 Schultz T, Wand M (2010) Modeling coarticulation in EMG-based continuous speech recognition.

2 illustrates the muscles found in the areas of the face and neck, providing a glimpse of the complexity in terms of muscle physiology in this area. Fig. 2 Anterior and lateral view of the human facial muscles from (OpenStax_College 2013) 22 2 SSI Modalities I: Behind the Scenes—From the Brain to the Muscles Fig. 3 Muscles of the soft palate from posterior (left) and the side (right) view This set of muscles is not enough for all sounds. The production of a nasal sound involves air flow through the oral and nasal cavities.

In contrast to EMA, PMA does not provide exact locations of the markers, as it is not yet possible to separate the signals of individual magnets from the overall magnetic field. Instead, the authors (Hofe et al. 2013a) look at the detected patterns of magnetic field fluctuations, which are associated with specific articulatory gestures through statistical modelling. For example, in Fagan et al. (2008), magnets were placed on the lips, teeth, and tongue of a subject and were tracked by six dual axis magnetic sensors incorporated into a pair of glasses.

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