A Military History of the English Civil War: 1642-1646 by Malcolm Wanklyn

By Malcolm Wanklyn

An army historical past of the English Civil battle examines how the civil warfare was once gained, who fought for whom, and why it ended. With a simple type and transparent chronology that permits readers to make their very own decisions and pursue their very own pursuits extra, this unique background presents a radical critique of the explanations which have been stated for Parliament's victory and the King's defeat in 1645/46. It discusses the strategic concepts of the Parliamentary and Royalist commanders and councils of struggle and analyses the selections they made, arguing that the King's defective command constitution was once extra liable for his defeat than Sir Thomas Fairfax's strategic aptitude. It additionally argues that the way in which that assets have been used, instead of the assets themselves, clarify why the warfare ended whilst it did.

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32; Gush, Renaissance Armies, 21; Tincey, Soldiers of the English Civil War: Cavalry, 20. 16 Parrot, ‘Military Revolution’, 21–7; Dupuy and Dupuy, Collins Encyclopaedia of Military History, 116. 17 This originated from Maurice’s brother William’s reading of texts from the Ancient World in which sling throwers had used such a drill to maintain a continuous barrage of shot. 18 Gush, Renaissance Armies, 106; Parker, Military Revolution, 18–19; Jones, Art of War, 221. 19 Jones, Role and Efficiency of Cavalry, 35, 47–9; Dupuy and Dupuy, Collins Encyclopaedia of Military History, 575.

39 See, for example, Chapters XIV, XIX below. 40 Kitson, Prince Rupert, 124. 41 A good example of a book of this nature is the account of Naseby by Foord. 42 Firth, ‘Clarendon’s history’. qxd 17/09/2004 12:38 Page 27 chapter III Battlecraft in seventeenthcentury Europe D uring the course of the seventeenth century there were major changes in battlefield practice, which were seen by Michael Roberts, writing in the third quarter of the twentieth century, as having consequences that amounted to a military revolution.

The West Country before the end of the campaigning season was luckily wrong-footed by the Earl of Manchester, one of whose arguments was the need to protect his regional association, although his most important objection was almost certainly a more fundamental one. A year earlier, attempts by the Earl of Essex to block the passage of arms convoys between the north of England and the south were frustrated by intra-regional rivalries combined with lethargy. The Royalist high command suffered even more severely from regional insubordination.

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