A Grammar of Tukang Besi by Mark Donohue

By Mark Donohue

The sequence builds an in depth number of prime quality descriptions of languages world wide. every one quantity bargains a entire grammatical description of a unmarried language including absolutely analyzed pattern texts and, if acceptable, a thesaurus and different suitable details that is on hand at the language in query. There aren't any regulations as to language kinfolk or region, and even though detailed realization is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and worthwhile remedies of higher identified languages also are integrated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the single criterion is a excessive commonplace of clinical caliber.

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This is regular in Wanci, but in the southern islands of Tomea and Binongko, where the usual realisation of the /w/ phoneme is not [β] but [φ], the resulting phonological confusion of the sequence /wu/ ([φαΐ]) has resulted in a reinterpretation of the /w/ in several /wu/ clusters as an /h/. 6 Realisations of the imploded stops The stops that are described as implosive have varying realisations. The labial phoneme /b/ shows the strongest implosion of the three, almost always appearing with a clearly identifiable amount of implosion to distinguish it from the loan phoneme /b/.

Ek:a] mondiliu 'sour' * [mondilra] ßila 'go' * [pil:a] lono 'cloud' * [lon:o] m ana] 'eat' * [mania] Note that this does not apply to non-phonemic glottal stops: saba'anne 'all' (< sabane, with stressed vowel gemination for pragmatic effect and concomitant glottal stop insertion) If a consonant qualifies for gemination, the addition of pronominal prefixes or suffixes will sometimes affect the placement of gemination. Details on why the geminate consonant changes in some cases but not in others are not yet known.

The language appears on language maps, such as Esser (1938), Salzner (1960), without any substantive work having been done on the language. Anceaux (1978) is the first treatment of the language situation on the islands off mainland Southeast Sulawesi, with the publication of a list of about 30 words from the language and a tentative (but largely accurate) subgrouping hypothesis. This study represents the first time that any language data had appeared in print. This improvement of the detail on the language was repeated in Sneddon (1987).

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