A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250-1820 by John K. Thornton

By John K. Thornton

Precis: A Cultural heritage of the Atlantic global, 1250–1820 explores the concept powerful hyperlinks exist within the histories of Africa, Europe and North and South the United States. John ok. Thornton offers a entire review of the background of the Atlantic Basin prior to 1830 through describing political, social and cultural interactions among the continents' population. He strains the backgrounds of the populations on those 3 continental landmasses introduced into touch by means of ecu navigation. Thornton then examines the political and social implications of the encounters, tracing the origins of quite a few Atlantic societies and exhibiting how new methods of consuming, ingesting, talking and worshipping built within the newly created Atlantic global. This e-book makes use of shut readings of unique resources to supply new interpretations of its topic.

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One wing led southward into Africa, as knowledge of the winds and currents around the Canaries finally allowed Europeans to discover the key to the round-trip voyages to Africa. The other wing led straight into the Atlantic, first to the small islands of Madeira and the Azores, and then ultimately to the Caribbean and the Americas. These European pioneers were not scientists or explorers. Although many higher nobles in Portugal saw vast strategic goals that might be realized by sailing in the Atlantic, they were hamstrung by the cost of such adventures Pierre Chaunu, L’expansion européen du XIIIe à XVe siècles (Paris, 1969), pp.

53 De Barros, Ásia Dec. 1, Book 3, cap. 4. Some Benin bronze sculptures bear such a cross, for an argument that Ogané was in fact the Igala kingdom of the Niger-Benue confluence; John Thornton, “Tradition, Documents and the Ife-Benin Relationship,” History in Africa 15 (1988): 351–362. 54 Cão’s initial encounter with Kongo is found in a near contemporary account of Rui de Pina (known only in an Italian translation), which formed the basis for his account in “Cronica delRey D Joham…” both published in Carmen Raudolet, O cronista Rui de Pina e o ‘relação de reino de Congo’ (Lisbon, 1992).

43 Gomes, “Prima Inuentione,” fols. 276–277, 280v, 281v–282. 44 An interesting study of this diplomacy can be found in Ivana Elbl, “Cross-Cultural Trade and Diplomacy: Portuguese Relations with West Africa, 1441–1521,” Journal of World History 3 (1992): 165–204. 45 In all this, their most spectacular success was in Kongo, where conversion was won and alliances made. Once won, the peace was commercially effective. Portuguese traders found that West Africans, with a long tradition of slavery and a well-established slave trade to North Africa clients across the desert, were prepared to sell slaves in much larger numbers than the Portuguese could ever capture at a high human cost.

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