50 Years of Artificial Intelligence - Essays Dedicated to by Max Lungarella, Fumiya Iida, Josh Bongard, Rolf Pfeifer

By Max Lungarella, Fumiya Iida, Josh Bongard, Rolf Pfeifer

This Festschrift quantity, released in party of the fiftieth Anniversary of man-made Intelligence, contains 34 refereed papers written by way of major researchers within the box of synthetic Intelligence. The papers have been conscientiously chosen from the invited lectures given on the fiftieth Anniversary Summit of AI, held on the Centro Stefano Franscini, Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland, July 9-14, 2006. The summit supplied a venue for discussions on a extensive diversity of topics.

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The push from applications: We can observe today a global trend towards collective phenomena in the information processing world. , makes it clear that our densely interconnected world is leading to a whole new way of knowledge production and knowledge communication. Centralised knowledge production and control is swept away by powerful waves of collective tagging, collective encyclopedias, collective news media. Dense interconnectivity and the knowledge dynamics it supports can only increase, when more and more physical devices get substantial computing power and become networked so that everyone can access and change information from anywhere.

To convince yourself of history’s convergence, associate an error bar of not much more than 10 percent with each date below: 1. Ω − 29 lifetimes: modern humans start colonizing the world from Africa 2. Ω − 28 lifetimes: bow and arrow invented; hunting revolution 3. Ω − 27 lifetimes: invention of agriculture; first permanent settlements; beginnings of civilization 4. Ω − 26 lifetimes: first high civilizations (Sumeria, Egypt), and the most important invention of recorded history, namely, the one that made recorded history possible: writing 5.

Although the 2006: Celebrating 75 Years of AI - History and Outlook 31 universal approach is practically infeasible since M contains infinitely many distributions, it does represent the first sound and general theory of optimal prediction based on experience, identifying the limits of both human and artificial predictors, and providing a yardstick for all prediction machines to come. AI vs Astrology? Unfortunately, failed prophecies of human-level AI with just a tiny fraction of the brain’s computing power discredited some of the AI research in the 1960s and 70s.

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